It is the protection of digital information from unauthorized access. It covers everything hardware, software, storage devices, and user devices. An example of data security would be using encryption to prevent hackers from using your data if it is breached.
There are a number of tools available to help organizations protect their data. Some of the best tools include;
Practises For Firewall Management
Intrusion Detection system (IDS)
Is a monitoring system that detects suspicious activities and generates alerts when they are detected to the user.
Data Loss Prevention (DLP)
It is a software that detects potential data breaches. The three types of data prevention are;
It helps support compliance and reduce risks of data loss by monitoring and controlling the flow of sensitive data via network. They inspect all network traffic then enforce policies to ensure protection. Policy actions include; allow, prompt, block, encrypt, reroute and quarantine.
It enables you audit and manage the following types of activities users take on sensitive items that are physically stored in windows 10, windows 11 devices. Detects when a user attempts to upload an item to a restricted service domain and the user is redirected to use microsoft edge then allow or block the upload (phones, laptops and other devices using data).
It is a fully managed service designed to discover, classify and protect your sensitive data where it resides from data bases, text based content, images. It helps provide visibility and classify your sensitive data across the entire organization.
It is a copy of computer data taken nd stored else where so that it may be used to restore the original after a data loss. It can be stored in external hard drives and there are two types of external drives you can buy; HDDs(hard disk drivers), or SSDs(solid state drivers), USB flash drive, NAS(network attached storage).
Intrusion Prevention System (IPS)
It is a network security tool which can be a hardware device or software that monitors a network for malicious activity and takes action to prevent it by reporting, blocking or dropping it when it occurs. It is more advanced than the (IDS) because it takes action of the disruption beyond alerting the administrator. They are sometimes included as part of a next generation firewall (NGFW).
Why is data security important?
There are a number of reasons why data security is important and some of them include;